American civil rights activist Diane Nash — who led the first successful campaign to desegregate lunch counters, was a part of the Selma voting rights movement and co-founded the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee — shared her personal experiences with racism and her integral efforts in the civil rights movement Tuesday.Nash was first exposed to the full extent of overt, state-sponsored racial segregation as a college student at Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee, she said. During the fall of 1959, Nash said she was shocked into the reality of Jim Crow laws in the south. Originally from the south side of Chicago, she said she was always aware segregation existed but did not know its severity until she moved to the south. “When I obeyed segregation rules, it felt like I was agreeing that I was too inferior to go through front doors or [to] restaurants, swimming pools and other public accommodations,” Nash said.In downtown Nashville, African Americans could only purchase food in restaurants on a take-out basis, she said. When she walked down the streets during lunchtime, African Americans lined the curbs and alleys, eating the lunches they brought from home or bought as take-out, she added.Nash said she was dissatisfied with the word “nonviolence” as it pertains to the civil rights movements of the 1960s.“Nonviolence means absence of violence,” she said. “[I] wanted a term that encompassed more than the absence of violence.”Nash’s dissatisfaction led her to coin the phrase “agapic energy,” meaning energy produced by a love for humankind. Inspired by Mohandas Gandhi’s way of observing love energy, as well as the Greek word “agape” — which means brotherly love or a love of humankind — Nash said agapic energy was an improvement on the term nonviolence.“Agapic energy is not passive — it’s active,” she said. “Users are not pacifists — we are activists.”Nash said she discovered the basic principles of agapic energy in the 1960s and has used them over her lifetime. An important principle of agapic energy is to realize people are not your enemies, she added.“Unjust political systems, unjust economic systems, attitudes, racism, sexism, ignorance … are enemies,” Nash said. “If you recognize that people are not the enemies, you can love and respect the person [and] at the same time, attack the attitudes of that person.”Nash said she slowly helped desegregate the restaurants in Nashville by targeting six establishments at a time. Eventually, Nashville became one of the first southern cities to desegregate lunch counters.“We changed ourselves into people who could not be segregated,” Nash said. “That presented a new set of options to Southern white racists. They could either shoot us or desegregate because they could no longer segregate.“Very often, we give away our power. If you understand that concept, you are going to save yourself a lot of time and effort trying to change other people.”Nash said there are six phases in an agapic energy campaign: investigation, education, negotiation, demonstration, resistance and insurance that the problem does not reoccur.“The purpose of the demonstration phase is to focus the attention on the community,” she said. “Resistance is when the oppressed withdraw their participation from the oppressive system. Whatever the issue that you’re working on, you would have the oppressed withdraw their participation. During the sixth phase, you might institutionalize an education in your community or establish a museum.”Nash said the movement of the ’60s provides a legacy that people can use in 2017. She said people today have an opportunity to move a step higher into their evolvement as an improved species, and demonstrations today and the people who participate in them must know the rest of the strategy.“We must understand that elected officials have not and will not do what’s necessary to protect the interest of this country and of American citizens,” she said. “The only way this country will make it through this frightening period and survive with citizens having a reasonable measure of rights is that we citizens must take the future of this country in our own hands.”Nash said if they had waited for officials to desegregate lunch counters and give African Americans the right to vote, “we probably would still be waiting.”Nash was arrested for her protesting efforts in the 1960s. When she and others marched, they very often knew they faced the risk of being killed or injured, she said. She said their fears were understandable, but their actions were necessary.“I’d like for you to know that although we had not yet known you, we loved you, and we were trying to bring about the best society for you to be born into and for you to come of age in,” Nash said. “Future generations will look to you to do the same.”Tags: Civil Rights Movement, Diane Nash, Diversity, Jim Crow, Jim Crow laws, race, Racism
Njemačko gospodarstvo zbog nedostatka radne snage trpi desetke milijardi eura gubitaka, stoga Njemačka vlada priprema novi – zakon o imigraciji kojem je cilj privući i kvalificiranu radnu snagu iz trećih država, budući da radna snage Europske unije ne zadovoljava potrebe najvećeg europskog gospodarstva, piše MojPosao.net.The point is that German companies can very easily bring in a college-educated expert from abroad, but a much harder-to-skilled worker with a high school education. And this is exactly the type of employee the German industry needs the most.The first problem that then arises is that the employer has to prove that there are no workers in the German market who can fill that job. Another problem is that without major problems they can hire a foreigner only if his occupation is on the list of deficient. Under the bill, both of these restrictions will be lifted. This reflects the fact that labor shortages are not only isolated to professionals as they once were, but are much broader and include a multitude of jobs that do not require a college degree.According to official data, 1,2 million jobs are currently being created in Germany, and the Institute of Economics (IW) estimates that 440.000 vacancies cannot be filled by workers living in Germany and that the economy loses 30 billion euros a year due to labor shortages.The situation is particularly difficult in the country’s industrial south, where the unemployment rate is only two percent in some parts, so the government has unveiled a bill it hopes will take effect later this year, which removes the biggest hurdle for employers.Jobs will soon be created or have already been created in Slovenia and Austria, ie the bans on the employment of foreign labor, which all offer better working conditions and better salaries than in Croatia, will be lifted, which will certainly be an additional blow to domestic businessmen who chronically labor shortage in tourism. The only solution to the problem of labor shortage is to improve working conditions and increase wages, there is no other quality and sustainable alternative.Will we figure it out until it’s too late, if not already?Related news:IS IT POSSIBLE TO INCREASE SALARIES IN TOURISM BY 30%?