The question of free will tantalizes philosophers, because the mind-brain distinction is complex.People Can Consciously Control Mental Activity Using Brain Scans (Live Science). Neurofeedback sessions show that people can learn to alter their brain scans with conscious effort.Is Your ‘Self’ Just an Illusion? (Live Science): Robert Lawrence Kuhn likes to pose big questions to the experts he interviews. In this article he asks if we can know whether some other mind is running simulation software on our brains. A video clip shows him interviewing philosopher John Searle, Colin McGinn, Susan Blackmore and Daniel Dennett about the question. Kuhn comes close to recognizing the self-refuting argument of Dennett:“But more to the point, what makes you so sure there has to be an answer to these questions?” he continued. “The conviction that there has to be a single right answer is a leftover from metaphysical absolutism. And we should just dismiss it.“But, sorry Dan, I can’t just dismiss it. My sense of self — my inner feeling of personal identity and unity through time — seems so real.Am I fooling myself?He should have asked Dennett some follow-up questions. “Did you just make an absolute statement about metaphysical absolutism? Should we dismiss your opinion, too? Is your self telling my self what my self should do? Do I have the free will to do it?”Where do memories live? (Medical Xpress): Memory is at the heart of the mind-body problem. We know that brain cells are involved, but how can such rich qualia be stored in electrical impulses and neurotransmitters? This article showcases the difficulty of identifying physical processes behind this important part of our sense of self. In a related story, Science Daily reports that “Brain connections are more sophisticated than thought.” The story involves excitation, inhibition, and proteins. Is that all there is to memory? Then what do we do when we choose to recall certain things? Who does the searching?Genes are not destiny: environment and education still matter when it comes to intelligence (Kate Lynch on The Conversation): Lynch opinionizes about the relative influences of nature and nurture, ending with a directive: “There is more work to be done to uncover the environmental factors associated with genes,” she says. “But we should pay close attention, as this information can be used to create a fairer education system for all.” There’s that “should” word again. Can we obey her directive if we don’t have free will, but are the products of nature and nurture? Are we free to choose to create a fairer educational system? If not, why tell us to?How do I know I exist? (New Scientist): In a metaphysics special for the magazine, Anil Ananthaswarmy tries to persuade readers that you can’t know that you exist. Well if not, there’s no sense reading the article, because Anil isn’t sure he exists either, and neither of us can know that the other exists.Believing in free will makes you feel more like your true self (Elizabeth Seto on The Conversation): A psychologist at Texas A&M, Seto describes the free will debate, but doesn’t take sides. Instead, she gives a pragmatic argument. Believing in free will reinforces your sense of identity. It must have worked for her, because pragmatic or not, she believes it did.The importance of feeling like you are in charge of your life applies to significant actions like moving or getting a new job or pondering the big questions in life. But it also applies to the minor decisions we make throughout the day….So, do you have free will? Do any of us? Remember, the question isn’t whether it exists or not, but whether you believe it does.Standing up for beliefs in face of group opposition is worth the effort, study shows (Science Daily): Like many psychological studies, this article assumes free will. How could anyone stand up for beliefs otherwise? People are not incapable of resisting group pressure. Cardiovascular measurements supported the conclusion that “When trying to reach a goal, evaluating high resources and low demands leads to a mostly positive, invigorating experience called challenge, which corresponds with feeling confident.”Plans, Habits, and Theory of Mind (Gershman et al, PLoS One): This paper doesn’t solve free will. It just explores the relationship between planned behavior and habitual behavior.Human success and even survival depends on our ability to predict what others will do by guessing what they are thinking. If I accelerate, will he yield? If I propose, will she accept? If I confess, will they forgive? Psychologists call this capacity “theory of mind.” According to current theories, we solve this problem by assuming that others are rational actors. That is, we assume that others design and execute efficient plans to achieve their goals, given their knowledge. But if this view is correct, then our theory of mind is startlingly incomplete. Human action is not always a product of rational planning, and we would be mistaken to always interpret others’ behaviors as such. A wealth of evidence indicates that we often act habitually—a form of behavioral control that depends not on rational planning, but rather on a history of reinforcement. We aim to test whether the human theory of mind includes a theory of habitual action and to assess when and how it is deployed. In a series of studies, we show that human theory of mind is sensitive to factors influencing the balance between habitual and planned behavior.So are they in the habit of writing scientific papers for PLoS One? Are they assuming their readers are rational actors? To what extent were they themselves influenced by planned behavior when they set out to write? Their study involved assessing how humans assess moral behavior of others. We as readers, then, have every right to analyze the morality of their own writing. That is, we do unless we are all zombies in a giant simulation.You have to assume free will to do science. You have to have a moral standard to do science. All human responsibility collapses if we cannot start from positions of free moral choice by rational actors. Unless you want to completely give up on science, you have to start there. Evolutionary materialism, however, is totally incapable of justifying rationality or morality. The only position able to justify eternal morality and personal responsibility is the Judeo-Christian worldview. This is explained well by Dr. Frank Turek* in his book, Stealing from God (NavPress, 2014). Check it out, or watch the well-known Christian apologetics lecturer on YouTube explain how science needs God.Exercise: Apply what you learn from Turek’s video or book to another entry in New Scientist‘s Metaphysics Special, “Can we ever know if God exists?” (Note: this should be an easy exercise. Graham Lawton puts out one of the most asinine cases for atheism in recent memory. The editors should have found a better philosopher to make their case.)*Frank must know. He told the editor he reads Creation-Evolution Headlines.(Visited 103 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Facebook is Becoming Less Personal and More Pro… Tags:#Facebook#privacy#social media#social networks Related Posts The big vote on Facebook’s proposed policy changes is in… and it’s tiny. A paltry turnout of less than 1% of Facebook’s one billion-plus user base means that the measures proposed by Facebook will pass, including the dissolution of the voting process altogether. So much for rocking the vote.7 To 1 Vote Is Meaningless589,141 Facebook users voted in favor of keeping the site’s existing policies while 79,731 users voted to switch things up and adopt the proposed policy changes. The funny thing? It doesn’t matter at all, since the vote would only be binding if 30% of a billion-ish users cast a vote. Sure, rallying more than 33 million Facebook folk was all but impossible, but the governance vote ended today at noon Pacific time with less than a million votes – an even more abysmal turnout than anticipated.Since it always required a 30% turnout to actually effect any change, the site governance vote was a nominal right to begin with. While I think Max Schrems and Europe Vs. Facebook have the right idea in putting the heat on the social network for increased transparency and better privacy procedures, abolishing the vote affects exactly nothing – except symbolically. Facebook claims that it will pursue a more meaningful channel for user feedback moving forward, since clearly the existing system wasn’t exactly working as intended – especially as Facebook’s membership exploded. But we’ll have to wait and see how that turns out. According to Facebook’s Site Governance blog:“To be clear, our goal in modifying our site governance process is to make sure that we receive feedback from you in the best, most productive way possible so that we can be responsive to your input. Many of you provided us with ideas on how we could continue to meet that goal. You pointed out that our decision to update the process gives us an opportunity to innovate and search for new and better ways to enhance participation. We agree and will incorporate your suggestions into creating new tools that enhance communication on Facebook about privacy and governance.”Other ChangesBeyond un-voting users’ voting rights away, the microscopic level of participation means that a handful of other changes to Facebook’s Data Use Policy and Statement of Rights and Responsibilities (SRR) also go into effect. Contrary to popular misinformation, the company isn’t messing with users’ ownership of their own content. Beyond a relaxed set of rules around sharing user data with its affiliates, namely Instagram, the amendments mostly alter the language around Facebook’s privacy and advertising policies rather than the content of the policies themselves. The Dos and Don’ts of Brand Awareness Videos A Comprehensive Guide to a Content Audit Guide to Performing Bulk Email Verification taylor hatmaker
TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Man Utd boss Solskjaer targeting two strikers in Januaryby Paul Vegas2 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveManchester United boss Ole Gunnar Solskjaer is targeting two strikers in January.The Red Devils have struggled this season and sit down in 14th place in the Premier League table after nine games.They have scored just ten goals having let Romelu Lukaku and Alexis Sanchez both leave in the summer without replacing them.And now it’s been claimed that Solskjaer wants two strikers in January as he aims to get Manchester United back on track.The Sun says Solskjaer will be backed with funds to improve his side with United struggling on the pitch.
(Photo by Doug Pensinger/Getty Images)The 2016 college football season kicks off two weeks from tomorrow (technically it starts earlier than that, but the first Saturday of the season is what really counts).Week 1 should be incredible.The opening weekend of the year includes the following games:Alabama vs. USC (Sept. 3)Florida State vs. Ole Miss (Sept. 5)LSU vs. Wisconsin (Sept. 3)Clemson vs. Auburn (Sept. 3)In anticipation of Week 1, Marvel has created the following comic book covers for those four games. They were tweeted out today by ESPN’s Paul Finebaum.Check them out below.Marvel’s College Football Comic Book Covers
Fox News probably should have double-checked before listing Steve Spurrier as “Head Game Coach” during their live interview.With college football less than a week away, former Gator quarterback and head coach Steve Spurrier is promoting his new book. The autobiography, Head Ball Coach, follows Spurrier’s childhood in Tennessee to his Heisman Trophy win, and then to playing and coaching in the pros to leading the Florida Gators to six SEC Championships and beyond. However, Fox News made quite a gaff, listing “Head Game Coach” as the introductory graphic during the broadcast.Steve Spurrier. Universally known as “Head Ball Coach” someone should tell the nerd running graphics at Fox News. pic.twitter.com/VUvbkZskOx— Patrick Shuck (@pshuck) August 31, 2016Note: Head Ball Coach is the title of Spurrier’s new autobiography…which he talked about during this interview.Florida fans and basically any person with a firm understanding of college football were quick to mock the obvious [email protected] @BobbyBigWheel idiots, everyone knows Bobby Petrino is the Head Game coach.— Sonar Jose (@SonarJose) August 31, [email protected] @BobbyBigWheel wait does he coach the game with the basket ball ring or the one with the giant tuning forks at each end of the grass— Frank Mueller (@Muellercleez) August 31, [email protected] no, it’s “head game coach.” i remember because he would always tell his players to put the ball right in the basketball ring— Aaron Montgomery (@ProbablyMonty) August 31, 2016Looks like someone at Fox News needs a comprehensive history lesson.Spurrier, now an ambassador for Florida’s athletics department, was the Gators’ starting quarterback for three seasons. He won the Heisman Trophy in 1966.After an NFL stint, Spurrier coached the Gators towards six SEC championships and one national title in 12 seasons. After resigning unexpectedly in 2001, he coached the NFL Washington Redskins until 2005, when he left to coach the South Carolina Gamecocks from 2005-2015.
OSU redshirt sophomore guard Sierra Calhoun (4) turns the corner to drive to the hoop during a scrimmage against Ashland on Nov. 6 at the Schottenstein Center. OSU won, 88-78. Credit: Zach Konno | For The LanternFollowing an 88-79 exhibition win over the Ashland Eagles on Sunday, Ohio State women’s basketball head coach Kevin McGuff was not shy about voicing his displeasure with his team’s performance.“We had an overall lack of focus and effort that was disappointing, quite frankly,” McGuff said.He also said Ashland did a great job of executing throughout the game and praised the opponent for sticking to its game plan.“We didn’t do anything to make it hard on them,” McGuff said. “We had a couple flurries where we kind of pressed them a little bit, but we didn’t sustain anything with any consistency because we didn’t have focus and energy that would give them problems.”After Ashland claimed the opening tip, it was a back-and-forth contest for most of the first quarter. Ashland pulled it to within one at 22-21 with 1:34 remaining in the first, but an 11-0 run by the Buckeyes put the score at 33-21 early in the second.OSU took a 47-36 lead into the half, but a 9-3 Ashland run to begin the third put the Eagles within five at 50-45. OSU would then use a 17-4 run to claim a 67-49 lead early in the fourth.The Eagles used one last push to slowly chip away at the Buckeyes’ 18-point lead. Ashland brought it to within six at 82-76 with 2:06 left before OSU closed out the tight win.McGuff said that the Buckeyes displayed much more effort in a recent closed-door scrimmage.“Early in the year, we’re picking and choosing where we’re going to have our best effort,” McGuff said. “That’s a really dangerous thing for a team to do.”Cooper leads the wayThis offseason, senior forward Shayla Cooper said that OSU’s depth would allow her to slide into a more comfortable role. At times last season, she had to play in the middle due to depth issues. On Sunday, Cooper looked more like a guard than a forward.“It was stuff that I worked on all summer, so I was glad to be able to put it to test,” Cooper said.The 6-foot-2 forward brought the ball up the court to set up the offense on several occasions as well.“Coach put a big emphasis on that in these past couple of practices,” Cooper said. “If you get the rebound, go.”Cooper finished with a team-high 20 points on 7-of-10 shooting. She added four rebounds and four assists in 24 minutes.Newcomers showcase talentOf OSU’s 88 points, 42 came from three new additions to the Buckeyes’ roster. Redshirt junior transfer Stephanie Mavunga (previously at North Carolina) led all newcomers with 18 points on 7-for-12 shooting and a 4-for-4 mark at the free throw line. The forward added eight rebounds and a team-high five blocks.“I think she’s still not where she’s going to be,” McGuff said. “You can see today what she’s capable of doing, but she also missed some shots that I think she can make, and she can be better defensively and on the boards.”Redshirt sophomore guard Sierra Calhoun, a transfer from Duke, tallied 12 points on 4-of-10 from the field. True freshman Kiara Lewis put up 12 points on 4-of-4 shooting and buried both of her three-point attempts, but she went just 2-of-10 from the free throw line.Freshman guard Jensen Caretti also saw the court, but she was 0-of-1 from the field in 10 minutes.Mitchell struggles from the fieldJunior guard Kelsey Mitchell, who was voted as the Big Ten’s Preseason Player of the Year, couldn’t find her shot on Sunday. She went just 5-of-20 from the field and missed all eight of her three-point attempts.“She wasn’t her normal self,” McGuff said. “But, we had other people step up.”Of OSU’s 88 points, 77 came from players other than Mitchell, something that likely would have not happened with last year’s team.“That’s the beauty of this team, is we have a lot of offensive weapons,” McGuff said.Up nextOSU will tip off its regular season on Nov. 1 at noon against Duquesne at St. John Arena.
Leadership isn’t always loud.Not every leader is known for their rousing, Knute Rockne-esque halftime speeches. Not every leader is hailed for their ability to get into the face of their charges and spur them to action.Sometimes leadership is closing your mouth as tight as possible, putting your head down and grinding through the adversity. It’s being an example to your teammates when the pucks aren’t bouncing your way. It’s playing every shift hurt. It’s being a constant target for every goon on the ice looking to make a name for himself by delivering a big hit to a star.It’s Rick Nash.Thus far, the Columbus Blue Jackets have followed up their first run to the NHL playoffs a year ago with a forgettable first half in this year’s season. The losing has been hard on everyone. Columbus is a young team in need of strong leadership.So when the proverbial going gets rough, these Jackets look to Nash to show the way. But it’s not always just the younger players who are leaning on him to do more while times are tough. Sometimes it’s the oldest guy in the dressing room.“There are a lot of top scorers in the NHL that don’t kill penalties, don’t do all the grunt work at the end and start of hockey games,” Columbus coach Ken Hitchcock said. “We tell him here to do everything. That’s a special player who can do that.”And Nash has delivered.He’s the Blue Jackets’ leading scorer with 47 points, which includes 23 goals. He leads the team in power play goals (7) and short-handed goals (2). A lot of other high-profile, top-tier NHL scorers aren’t willing to do those little things on special teams, especially when the season appears to be on the brink of collapse.“There’s not many players in the world that can go out and be one of four or five penalty killers, kill three-on-fives, play five-on-threes, play five-on-fours, do everything. And Rick has to do it every night,” Hitchcock said. “There’s a lot of scoring guys who went through scoring struggles like Rick went through who don’t kill penalties, which really zaps your energy.”The scoring struggle Hitchcock is referring to is Nash’s career-high 11-game scoreless streak, which he snapped in a recent game against Chicago. Since ending that dry spell, Nash has been on a tear.In the past three games, against some of the better competition the NHL has to offer, Nash has scored four goals and recorded five points, which included the 400th point of his young career. So is it too late for this quiet, do-it-all leader to right the ship and make a playoff push for the Jackets down the stretch?“I don’t look at ‘too late,’” Hitchcock said of the prospects for the remainder of the season. “You’re a team. I look at it as the growth of a team. We’re right on the edge.”Given their uneven play, it’s hard not to envision the Jackets with a white-knuckled grip on that edge Hitchcock is referring to.But with a leader like Nash, who is willing to do whatever it takes, hope springs eternal.
Dontre Wilson (1) and other Buckeye players fight with Michigan players during a game Nov. 30 at Michigan Stadium. OSU won, 42-41. Credit: Ritika Shah/ Asst. photo editorThe Big Ten Conference issued a public reprimand Monday for Ohio State redshirt-senior right guard Marcus Hall’s actions as he exited the field against Michigan Saturday.Hall and freshman running back Dontre Wilson were ejected for their involvement in an on-field fight that occurred in the second quarter of OSU’s 42-41 win against the Wolverines. Upon entering the tunnel, Hall flipped off the Michigan Stadium crowd with both hands, which violated the Big Ten’s Sportsmanship Policy, the release said.Neither Hall or Wilson will face any further punishment from the conference.The OSU coaching staff was also reprimanded by the B1G “for failing in its duty to effectively manage the process of escorting an ejected student-athlete from the playing field to the locker room,” the release said.In addition, the conference release stated that it reviewed the video of the fight, saying it was handled properly.“The officials and coaching staffs from both institutions did a good job of containing the situation once it started,” the release said. “As bad as it was, we’re fortunate the incident did not escalate any further. More can, and should, be done by both coaching staffs in the future to prevent similar incidents from detracting from this rivalry.”The Big Ten considers the matter closed.
For Real Madrid teammate Alvaro Odriozola believes the 22-year-old winger could become the best Spanish footballer in historyMarco Asensio has been playing for Spain since 2012.The winger played in 2012 for the U16 team, then from 2014 to 2016, he defended the U19 jersey.He spent two years with the U21 team, to be called for the first time to the senior squad in 2016.And with La Roja jersey he has appeared in 17 occasions, scoring one goal.Zidane hails ‘quality’ James Rodriguez after Real Madrid’s win Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Zinedine Zidane reserved special praise for James Rodriguez after his starring role in Real Madrid’s 3-2 win over Levante.But his best game came on Tuesday, in the 6-0 victory over Croatia.“I said back in the day that he’s going to be one of the best players in the history of Spanish football and he’s showing this,” teammate Alvaro Odriozola was quoted by Sportskeeda.“He has amazing quality and I predict a great season for him.”In the 6-0 win over Croatia, Asensio scored one goal, forced an own goal from goalkeeper Lovre Kalinic and set up all three Spain’s second-half efforts.