Man United joined by three other clubs in race for Erling Haaland TOP WORK Tony Cascarino backs Everton to sign two strikers for Carlo Ancelotti Where every Premier League club needs to strengthen in January IN DEMAND RANKED Top nine Premier League free transfers of the decade The biggest market value losers in 2019, including Bale and ex-Liverpool star Liverpool’s signings under Michael Edwards – will Minamino be the next big hit? Transfer News LIVING THE DREAM targets Cavani ‘agrees’ to join new club and will complete free transfer next summer Schalke midfielder Max Meyer is in talks with Marseille after both Arsenal and Liverpool reportedly ended their interest in signing him.The 22-year-old’s current contract runs out at the weekend, when he will be able to walk away from Schalke as a free agent. LATEST targets A move to the Premier League had looked likely with both Arsenal and Liverpool keeping close tabs on his contractual situation.However it has been reported that wage demands dampened both sides’ interest with an annual salary of around £4m wanted by the youngster. Arsenal and Liverpool were put off by Meyer’s wage demands Arsenal transfer news LIVE: Ndidi bid, targets named, Ozil is ‘skiving little git’ And now, according to Bild, the midfielder has opened talks with Marseille about a move to France.Meyer, who broke into the Schalke first team during the 2012/12 season, has racked up 146 Bundesliga appearances for the club but now looks set for a new challenge. Kevin De Bruyne ‘loves Man City and wants to keep winning’, reveals father REVEALED 1 three-way race Chelsea confident of beating Man United and Liverpool to Sancho signing moving on
Gardai have uncovered a drugs den just yards from Letterkenny Garda station.The house on Newline Court was being used to peddle heroin.Gardai raided the rented house on Saturday night after a drug-user called to the wrong address looking for drugs. The suspicious house-owner contacted the Gardai who then raided the house.A quantity of heroin was uncovered and a man was arrested.He is expected to appear at a future sitting of the local courts.Local anti-drugs campaigner PJ Blake said he was delighted by the find and the assistance of the public in alerting the Gardai. “It’s no secret that the drugs squad is operating on a shoestring.“This is the kind of public assistance we need to stamp this scourge out.“Everyone has a role to play and this person showed how they can literally keep drugs off our streets,” he said. HEROIN DRUGS DEN RAIDED JUST YARDS FROM GARDA STATION was last modified: November 19th, 2012 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:drugsletterkennyLetterkenny Garda stationNewline CourtPJ BLAKE
zoom Bangladesh’s Chittagong Port Authority (CPA) has selected three companies to carry out a feasibility study, which started in September 2016, for the Bay Terminal, a new facility to be constructed at the port. The companies, including HPC Hamburg Port Consulting, a subsidiary of Hamburger Hafen und Logistik AG (HHLA), Hamburg-based Sellhorn Engineering and KS Consultants from Dhaka, Bangladesh, have prepared a new port master plan according to which the expansion plans are set.“The plan is to construct a port facility that focuses on containers on the Patenga coast, close to the existing port, which is located 16 kilometers inland,” HHLA said.Funded by the Asian Development Bank and budgeted at USD 1.9 billion, the plan would enable the construction of another container terminal and a multi-purpose terminal.“Building this terminal will significantly reduce transport costs incurred during import and export,” Mahbubul Alam, President of the Chittagong Chamber of Commerce and Industry (CCCI), said.Chittagong is situated in the south of Bangladesh, handling 92 percent of the country’s seaward traffic.Image Courtesy: HHLA
zoom Dry bulk shipping company Safe Bulkers has unveiled plans to offer its common stock in an effort to raise funds for the acquisition of secondhand vessels.With a par value of USD 0.001 per share, the public offering would include a 30-day option which would be granted to the underwriters to purchase additional common stock “solely to cover over-allotments, if any,” Safe Bulkers said.Additionally, the company informed that an entity owned and controlled by Polys Hajioannou, the chief executive officer of the shipping firm, will invest in Safe Bulkers’ common stock through the purchase of shares either in the public offering or through a private placement.The net proceeds of the offering would also be used for capital expenditures and other general corporate purposes, which may include repayment or settlement of Safe Bulkers’ financial obligations.In early October, Safe Bulkers opted to sell two newbuilding vessels, the Japanese Panamax class vessel and the Kamsarmax class vessel, to entities owned by Hajioannou for a total of USD 48.2 million.Scheduled to be delivered in the first quarter of 2017, the Panamax and the Kamsarmax were appraised by independent third party brokers at USD 21.5 million and USD 24.5 million, respectively.
On June 12th, Jamie-Lynn Sigler hosted her baby shower benefiting Baby Buggy, a non-profit organization dedicated to providing families in need with essential equipment, products, clothing, and services for their infants and children up to age 12.Jamie-Lynn Sigler celebrates her baby shower benefitting Baby BuggyCredit/Copyright: wireimage Jamie McCarthyJamie and her close friends celebrated at boutique bistro and bakery Sugar and Plumm. The event was sponsored by Britax/BOB, Hanky Panky, cloud b and Serena & Lily who also donated to Baby Buggy’s families in need and all guests donated diapers to Baby Buggy in lieu of gifts.
APTN National NewsProduction is underway for a featured film called Empire of Dirt.The award-winning producer for Moccasin Flats, Jennifer Podemski takes on her feature film producing debut.APTN National News reporter Delaney Windigo has this story.
Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Halictid bees’ social behavior studied © 2017 Phys.org Citation: The high cost of communication among social bees (2017, May 26) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-05-high-social-bees.html More information: Solitary bees reduce investment in communication compared with their social relatives. PNAS 2017 ; published ahead of print May 22, 2017, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1620780114AbstractSocial animals must communicate to define group membership and coordinate social organization. For social insects, communication is predominantly mediated through chemical signals, and as social complexity increases, so does the requirement for a greater diversity of signals. This relationship is particularly true for advanced eusocial insects, including ants, bees, and wasps, whose chemical communication systems have been well-characterized. However, we know surprisingly little about how these communication systems evolve during the transition between solitary and group living. Here, we demonstrate that the sensory systems associated with signal perception are evolutionarily labile. In particular, we show that differences in signal production and perception are tightly associated with changes in social behavior in halictid bees. Our results suggest that social species require a greater investment in communication than their solitary counterparts and that species that have reverted from eusociality to solitary living have repeatedly reduced investment in these potentially costly sensory perception systems. An international collaborative of researchers recently conducted a study of halictid bees in order to determine how the metabolic cost of chemosensory organs changes during such transitions. They theorized that changes in social structure would be reflected in changes to the expensive antennae sensory systems of insects. The researchers imaged the antennae of adult females from 36 species that ranged across a spectrum from completely solitary to highly social, and analyzed sensilla density using digital statistical software. The tests confirmed their theory: As sociality is gained and lost in halictid bees, convergent changes occur in both sensilla structures and the chemical signals of the groups. Social insects invest more in these systems than solitary bees, and as group complexity increases, communications develop higher diversity. “Taken together,” the authors write, “these results suggest that there is a strong link between the evolution of social behavior and investment in communication.” The researchers note that sensilla density did not increase as sociality was gained; ancestrally solitary halictids had sensilla densities similar to eusocial species. The researchers compare this seeming paradox to the evolution of cave-dwelling animal species that lose the sense of vision, but whose visual organs and brain structures, while functionally redundant, never become completely vestigial.However, secondarily solitary halictids—those bees that switched rapidly from social to solitary—exhibited marked decreases in sensilla density as communications declined. “Importantly, the reduction we observed in this group is not a complete vestigilization. Instead, it represents a decreased investment in antennal sensilla, perhaps in the absence of complex communication associated with group living,” the authors write.The authors suggest that higher sensilla density on the antennae of social insects confers two advantages: The increased surface area increases the speed of discrimination, allowing bees to quickly identify non-nestmates and more quickly respond with aggression. And the higher density may also increase the variety of chemoreceptors on the antennae, accommodating more precise signaling between nestmates. They also note that the higher densities of sensilla may include mechanosensory receptors, though they were unable to distinguish between the two types. It is true, however, that physical communication occurs among eusocial bee species, including bumping and ramming behaviors used by queens to induce submission in workers.The researchers observe that investing in higher numbers of sensilla confers speed and accuracy in communication among social bees, and that while solitary females still recognize relevant stimuli, they no longer require metabolically costly sensilla for survival. “In conclusion,” the authors write, “the rapid changes in chemical signaling within a single, polymorphous species, coupled with the repeated reduction in features associated with signal perception within and between species, suggest that there are trade-offs associated with communication in social groups.”Press release from Princeton University.